This article details the advantages of design of experiments (DOE) over the OFAT (changing only one factor at a time) approach to experimentation. By varying factors at two levels each, but simultaneously rather than one at a time, experimenters can uncover important interactions.
EDM fast hole drilling is one of the most important variations of electrical discharge machining. The process plays an important role in the aerospace industry as it is one of the few that can be applied to the drilling of precision small holes in a number of parts, including turbine blades. One of the most important factors affecting the speed of EDM fast hole drilling is the high pressure dielectric fluid, which is usually supplied to the gap through the bore to tubular electrodes. Thus, it can be expected that the bore size and geometry have a great impact on the process performance. However, there has not been much research on this topic. By employing statistical methods to optimise the process performance, this work shows that drilling time and electrode wear can decrease 165% and 25% respectively, depending on the type of electrode geometry used.
This article provides an introduction to design of experiments (DOE) for improvement of coatings processes and formulations. It includes a case study on a spin-coater.
This paper demonstrates response surface methods (RSM) that build on subject-matter knowledge to objectively fine-tune processes to a sweet spot where all specifications are met. The RSM tools for design and analysis of experiments is illustrated by a case study on process improvement for a pressure-sensitive adhesive (PSA) .
This paper provides an overview of DOE, including response surface methods (RSM), applied to medical-device process validation. It provides two practical examples of manufacturing application. The benefits of this multi-factor approach to medical-device validation are spelled out in a convincing manner.
A local automotive seat supplier experienced a major quality problem in the fabrication of the metal seat frame used for the front bucket seats of automobiles. DOE was used to help solve the quality problem.
Design of Experiments (DOE) is an intrinsically hands-on topic; teaching students to apply the techniques in a classroom setting can be difficult. Especially difficult are students with differing backgrounds, for example, adult students that work full time in various industries but come together in the classroom. Finding examples that everyone can relate to is nearly impossible, so why not try a video game?
The introduction of Aventis CropScience's herbicide should have been a routine pilot-to-production transfer, but an there was a problem: the new herbicide clogged spray application equipment. Scientists initiated a series of designed experiments to analyze how diverse factors in the system were interacting.
Aided by DOE, scientists at Diosynth Biotechnologies established critical parameters and their acceptable ranges for a fermentation process. The results enabled more flexibility for manufacturing an active pharmaceutical ingredient (API).